[Free] 2017(Feb) Ensurepass Testinsides Cisco 200-125 Practice Test 1-10

Ensurepass

CCNA Routing and Switching v3.0

 

QUESTION 1

Refer to the exhibit. Host A pings interface S0/0 on router 3. What is the TTL value for that ping?

 

clip_image002

 

A.

252

B.

253

C.

254

D.

255

 

Correct Answer: B

Explanation:

From the CCNA ICND2 Exam book: “Routers decrement the TTL by 1 every time they forward a packet; if a router decrements the TTL to 0, it throws away the packet. This prevents packets from rotating forever.” I want to make it clear that before the router forwards a packet, the TTL is still remain the same. For example in the topology above, pings to S0/1 and S0/0 of Router 2 have the same TTL. The picture below shows TTL values for each interface of each router and for Host B.

 

Notice that Host A initializes ICMP packet with a TTL of 255:

 

clip_image004

 

 

QUESTION 2

Which of the following statements describe the network shown in the graphic? (Choose two.)

 

clip_image006

 

A.

There are two broadcast domains in the network.

B.

There are four broadcast domains in the network.

C.

There are six broadcast domains in the network.

D.

There are four collision domains in the network.

E.

There are five collision domains in the network.

F.

There are seven collision domains in the network.

 

Correct Answer: AF

Explanation:

Only router can break up broadcast domains so in the exhibit there are 2 broadcast domains: from e0 interface to the left is a broadcast domain and from e1 interface to the right is another broadcast domain ->.

Both router and switch can break up collision domains so there is only 1 collision domain on the left of the router (because hub doesn’t break up collision domain) and there are 6 collision domains on the right of the router (1 collision domain from e1 interface to the switch + 5 collision domains for 5 PCs in Production) ->.

 

 

QUESTION 3

DRAG DROP

Refer to the exhibit. Complete this network diagram by dragging the correct device name or description to the correct location. Not all the names or descriptions will be used.

 

clip_image008

 

Correct Answer:

clip_image010

 

 

 

 

 

 

QUESTION 4

Refer to the exhibit. What will Router1 do when it receives the data frame shown? (Choose three.)

 

clip_image012

 

A.

Router1 will strip off the source MAC address and replace it with the MAC address 0000.0c36.6965.

B.

Router1 will strip off the source IP address and replace it with the IP address 192.168.40.1.

C.

Router1 will strip off the destination MAC address and replace it with the MAC address 0000.0c07.4320.

D.

Router1 will strip off the destination IP address and replace it with the IP address of 192.168.40.1.

E.

Router1 will forward the data packet out interface FastEthernet0/1.

F.

Router1 will forward the data packet out interface FastEthernet0/2.

 

Correct Answer: ACF

Explanation:

Remember, the source and destination MAC changes as each router hop along with the TTL being decremented but the source and destination IP address remain the same from source to destination.

 

 

QUESTION 5

A router has two Fast Ethernet interfaces and needs to connect to four VLANs in the local network. How can you accomplish this task, using the fewest physical interfaces and without decreasing network performance?

 

A.

Use a hub to connect the four VLANS with a Fast Ethernet interface on the router.

B.

Add a second router to handle the VLAN traffic.

C.

Add two more Fast Ethernet interfaces.

D.

Implement a router-on-a-stick configuration.

 

Correct Answer: D

Explanation:

A router on a stick allows you to use sub-interfaces to create multiple logical networks on a single physical inter
face.

 

 

QUESTION 6

DRAG DROP

Refer to the exhibit. PC_1 is exchanging packets with the FTP server. Consider the packets as they leave RouterB interface Fa0/1 towards RouterA. Drag the correct frame and packet addresses to their place in the table.

 

clip_image014

 

Correct Answer:

clip_image016

 

 

 

 

 

QUESTION 7

Refer to the exhibit. What two results would occur if the hub were to be replaced with a switch that is configured with one Ethernet VLAN? (Choose two.)

 

clip_image018

 

A.

The number of collision domains would remain the same.

B.

The number of collision domains would decrease.

C.

The number of collision domains would increase.

D.

The number of broadcast domains would remain the same.

E.

The number of broadcast domains would decrease.

F.

The number of broadcast domains would increase.

 

Correct Answer: CD

Explanation:

Basically, a collision domain is a network segment that allows normal network traffic to flow back and forth. In the old days of hubs, this meant you had a lot of collisions, and the old CSMA/CD would be working overtime to try to get those packets re-sent every time there was a collision on the wire (since Ethernet allows only one host to be transmitting at once without there being a traffic jam). With switches, you break up collision domains by switching packets bound for other collision domains. These days, since we mostly use switches to connect computers to the network, you generally have one collision domain to a PC.

 

Broadcast domains are exactly what they imply: they are network segments that allow broadcasts to be sent across them. Since switches and bridges allow for broadcast traffic to go unswitched, broadcasts can traverse collision domains freely. Routers, however, don’t allow broadcasts through by default, so when a broadcast hits a router (or the perimeter of a VLAN), it doesn’t get forwarded. The simple way to look at it is this way:

switches break up collision domains, while routers (and VLANs) break up collision domains and broadcast domains. Also, a broadcast domain can contain multiple collision domains, but a collision domain can never have more than one broadcast domain associated with it.

 

Collision Domain: A group of Ethernet or Fast Ethernet devices in a CSMA/CD LAN that are connected by repeaters and compete for access on the network. Only one device in the collision domain may transmit at any one time, and the other devices in the domain listen to the network in order to avoid data collisions. A collision domain is sometimes referred to as an Ethernet segment.

 

Broadcast Domain: Broadcasting sends a message to everyone on the local network (subnet). An example for Broadcasting would be DHCP Request from a Client PC. The Client is asking for a IP Address, but the client does not know how to reach the DHCP Server. So the client sends a DHCP Discover packet to EVERY PC in the local subnet (Broadcast). But only the DHCP Server will answer to the Request.

 

How to count them?

 

Broadcast Domain:

No matter how many hosts or devices are connected together, if they are connected with a repeater, hub, switch or bridge, all these devices are in ONE Broadcast domain (assuming a single VLAN). A Router is used to separate Broadcast-Domains (we could also call them Subnets – or call them VLANs).

So, if a router stands between all these devices, we have TWO broadcast domains.

 

Collision Domain:

Each connection from a single PC to a Layer 2 switch is ONE Collision domain. For example, if 5 PCs are connected with separate cables to a switch, we have 5 Collision domains. If this switch is connected to another switch or a router, we have one collision domain more.

If 5 Devices are connected to a Hub, this is ONE Collision Domain. Each device that is connected to a Layer 1 device (repeater, hub) will reside in ONE single collision domain.

 

 

QUESTION 8

A network administrator is verifying the configuration of a newly installed host by establishing an FTP connection to a remote server. What is the highest layer of the protocol stack that the network administrator is using for this operation?

 

A.

application

B.

presentation

C.

session

D.

transport

E.

internet

F.

data link

 

Correct Answer: A

Explanation:

FTP belongs to Application layer and it is also the highest layer of the OSI model.

 

 

QUESTION 9

Refer to exhibit. Which two destination addresses will be used by Host A to send data to Host C? (Choose two.)

 

clip_image020

A.

the IP address of Switch 1

B.

the MAC address of Switch 1

C.

the IP address of Host C

D.

the MAC address of Host C

E.

the IP address of the router’s E0 interface

F.

the MAC address of the router’s E0 interface

 

Correct Answer: CF

Explanation:

While transferring data through many different networks, the source and destination IP addresses are not changed. Only the source and destination MAC addresses are changed. So in this case Host A will use the IP address of Host C and the MAC address of E0 interface to send data. When the router receives this data, it replaces the source MAC address with its own E1 interface’s MAC address and replaces the destination MAC address with Host C’s MAC address before sending to Host C.

 

 

QUESTION 10

In an Ethernet network, under what two scenarios can devices transmit? (Choose two.)

 

A.

when they receive a special token

B.

when there is a carrier

C.

when they detect no other devices are sending

D.

when the medium is idle

E.

when the server grants access

 

Correct Answer: CD

Explanation:

Ethernet network is a shared environment so all devices have the right to access to the medium. If more than one device transmits simultaneously, the signals collide and cannot reach the destination.

If a device detects another device is sending, it will wait for a specified amount of time before attempting to transmit.

When there is no traffic detected, a device will transmit its message. While this transmission is occurring, the device continues to listen for traffic or collisions on the LAN. After the message is sent, the device returns to its default listening mode.

 

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